African-Americans made up about 35 percent of all children raised in the bottom 1 percent of the income distribution. The gap between Hispanics and whites is narrower, and their incomes will converge within a couple of generations if mobility stays the same. For this reason and others, many point to differences in family structure as a primary driver of racial income inequality. White boys who grow up rich are likely to remain that way. That means their households are more likely to have a single income — not two.
The studybased on anonymous earnings and demographic data for virtually all Americans now in their late 30s, debunks a number of other widely held hypotheses about income inequality.
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The income gap exists for black and white boys if they had one parent in the house or two. But the disparities are widest for black boys. Excludes those reporting multiple races and those for whom no race was identified. Asian-Americans earn more than whites raised at the same income level, or about the same when first-generation immigrants are excluded. Gaps persisted even when black and white boys grew up in families with the same income, similar family structures, similar education levels and even similar levels of accumulated wealth. Kirkpatrick for The New York Times. Jawando, the son of a Nigerian father and a white mother, grew up poor in Silver Spring, Md.